The Enlightenment movement of the classical period opened the door to the social movements of the Romantic period, and caused the spreading of the French Revolution throughout europe, advocating ideas of equality, brotherhood and freedom.
During this period, philosophers, academics and politicians tried to reform european society with their rational doctrines based on thought. When an evaluation of the period is made, it can be known that painters, sculptors, writers, musicians and architects have been working on ideals of cultural enlightenment.
The word Romanticism derives from the word "romance", which is the common name of the stories and stories that are mentioned and told in Latin languages. Romanticism can be considered as an effective artistic movement in the fields of painting, sculpture, architecture, literature and music. In the romantic movement, man has been regarded as the center of the universe, and also became to be seen as the source and measure of moral values. In the romatic movement, it was observed that painters reflected intense colors, moving brush drives and passionate feelings in their paintings unprecedented in previous periods. Although romantic painters partly admired and were influenced by preceeding art periods like neoclassicism and other intellectual approaches, they mainly emphasized personal intuition and individuality in their paintings.
The artists of the romantic era included heroism, love, death, sadness, hate and patriotism as their main themes in their works. To manifest these in their works, the artists made use of their own emotional and reactive expressions.
In the present study, the significance of romanticism in painting and artists such as Eugene Delacroix, Jean-Auguste- Dominique Ingres, Caspar David Friedrich, Philipp Otto Runge, Théodore Géricault, Gros Antonie-Jean, Anne-Louis Girodet, Antoine-Jean Gros, Jhon Henry Fuseli, William Blake, Francisco de Goya and Joseph Mallord William Turner have been examined and evaluated. Additionally, there has also been an evaluations of artists with authentic contributions in this period.
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