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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

1. The text must be written single spaced by using standard Microsoft Office Word format. Margins should be 2,5 cm for all sides of the page.

2. The total length of any manuscript submitted must not exceed 25 pages (A4).

3. The manuscript, which does not show the names of the authors, must include the followings: Title, Abstract, Keywords under the abstract, JEL (Journal of Economics Literature) codes, introduction, main text, conclusion, references and appendix.

4. No footer, header or page numbers required.

5. The manuscript language can be Turkish or English

6. Each manuscript must include abstract, no more than 150 words.

7. At most 5 key words must be written below the abstract.

8. Abstract, key words and JEL codes must be written in Times New Roman 10 font size and single spaced. It should be in italic letters.

9. The main text should be written in Times New Roman 12 font size and single spaced . The first line of the paragraph should be shifted by 1,25 cm from the left margin. Paragraph spacing after a single paragraph (6 nk) should be given.

10. All the headlines, set in the midst, should be written  in bold, in Times New Roman 12 font size and 1,5 spaced.

11. Headings and subheadings must be numbered  2., 2.1., 2.1.1.  as etc decimally  with bold letters. All headings should be written in bold but only the first letters of the subtitles should be capital. Spacing before and after a heading (6 nk) should be given.

12. All the tables, figures and graphs must be headlined and  sequentially numbered. The titles of the tables and figures should be placed above the table or figures, and references belonging to table or figure should be under them.   The headline must be written in Times New Roman 12 font and with bond letters. References for the tables (figure of graph) must be below the table (figure or graph) with a font size of 11 font.

13. Equations should be numbered consecutively and equation numbers should appear in parentheses at the right margin.

14. Citations in text must be done according to the HARWARD REFERANCE TECHNIQUE. In text citations, the author’s last name and the year of publication (and page number of the publication if necessary) for the source must appear in the text


i. If the last  name of the author is used , the publication date should be written in parenthesis.

Gürkaynak (2002) agree that chemical solutions …

ii. If the last name of the author is not  used, the last name of the author, the publication year and page number of the publication must appear .

 The last studies (Pınar 2003: 12)…

iii. If there are two authors, last names of both of the authors should be written.

Cinicioglu and  Keleşoğlu (1993) mention about the soft paddings…

iv. If there are more than  two authors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by “et al.”

  …asserted by Öztoprak et al..  (1999)

v. If an author has more than one publishment in the same year, different symbols (i.e. a,b,c..) must  be used with the years.

…result of the studies made by Bozbey et al (2003a)

vi.  If the resource is anonymous  the word “anon” must be used.

…the realities spoken in recent times  (Anon 1998: 53) ...

vii. if a newspaper article with an unknown writer is used, name of the newspaper, date of publication, page number should be written.

The floods occured in the region effect the structural features  (Atlas, 1998: 6)

viii. The studies made use of thesis, alphabetically ordered according to the surnames of the writers. The name of the magazine, book or booklet , etc. should be in italic and bold  letters.

 ix. For Internet resources, the name of the writer should be shown as mentioned before. If no writers name, the name of the resources and the date must be given

Some knowledge takes place about the bazaar  (İMKB, 23.06.2003)

x. For the internet  resources with  unknown writers URL-sequence  number and year should be written as follow:

(URL-1, 2003), (URL-1 and URL-2, 2003),  According to  URL-1   (2003)


References must be prepared as below:     


Books :

SURNAME, NAME, Publication Year, Name of Book, Place of Publication: Publishing, Edition, ISBN.

MERCER, P.A. and SMITH, G., (1993), Private Viewdata in the UK, London: Palgrave, Second Edition, ISBN: xxxx-xxxx



SURNAME, NAME , Publication Year, Name of Article, Name of Journal, Volume (Number) and Page Numbers.

EVANS, W.A., (1994), Approaches to Intelligent Information Retrieval, Information  Processing and Management, 7 (2), 147-168.



SURNAME, NAME , Publication Year , Name of Report, Name of Conference Bulletin, Date and  Conference Place, Place of Publication : Publishing ,  Page Numbers

SILVER, K., (1991), Electronic Mail: The New Way to Communicate, 9th International Online Information Meeting, 3-5 December 1990, London, Oxford: Learned Information, 323-330.


Thesis :

SURNAME,NAME , Publication Year, Name of Thesis, Master’s Degree/Doctorate, Name of Institute

AGUTTER, A.J., (1995), The Linguistic Significance of Current British Slang, Thesis  (PhD), Edinburgh University.



SURNAME, NAME , Publication Year, Title, Scale, Place of Publication: Publishing.

MASON, J., (1832), Map of The Countries Lying Between Spain and India, 1:8.000.000, London: Ordnance Survey.


Web Pages:

SURNAME, NAME, Year, Title [online], (Edition), Place of Publication , Web address: URL

HOLLAND, M., (2002), Guide to Citing Internet Sources [online], Poole, Bournemouth University, http://www.bournemouth.ac.uk/library/using/guide_to_citing_internet_sourc.html,  [ Date Accessed: 4 November 2002].