INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION FLOWS IN TURKEY: A GRAVITY MODEL ANALYSIS
International migration has recently become more important by the global political and economic developments. The social, economic and demographic structures of the countries for which destination and origin can change because of international migration. In this context the papers that analyze migration developed quantitatively and qualitatively. The migration movements in Turkey dramatically high as a consquence of strategic position of the country. Especially the structural changes in neighbor countries lead to serious migration movements in Turkey and discussion maintain current status. In this context, this paper analyzes migration movements between Turkey and other 83 countries in period of 2016-2017 with panel gravity model. The model is estimated with the Poisson Pseudo Maximum Likelihood estimator; It is determined that the distance between countries and the origin country GDP are factors that reduce migration flows. GDP level of the destination country and the origin country population are triggering migration flows
BATRA, A. (2004) India’s Global Trade Potential: The Gravity Model Approach Working Paper, 151: 1-43.
BORJAS, G. J. (2003). The Labor Demand Curve is Downward Sloping: Reexamining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(4), 1335-1374.
CARD, D., (2009). Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Market Impacts of Higher Immigration. Journal of Labor Economics, 19(1), 22-64.
DİNÇER, G. (2014). Turkey’s Rising Imports from BRICS: A Gravity Model Approach. MPRA No 61979.
DİNÇER, G. ve Muratoğlu Y. (2014). Türkiye’den OECD Ülkelerine Gerçekleşen Göçün Çekim Modeli ile Analizi. MPRA Paper No. 62201.
FRIEDBERG, R. M. & Hunt J. (1995).The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(2), 23-44.
GÖÇ İDARESİ, (2018). Türkiye ve Göç. http://www.goc.gov.tr/files/files/goc_tasar%C 4%B1m_icler.pdf
GREENWOOD, M. J. (1975). Research on Internal Migration in the United States: A Survey. Journal of Economic Literature, 13(2), 197-433.
HELLIWELL, J. F. (1997). National Borders, Trade and Miration. Pacific Economic Review, 2(3), 165-185.
İÇDUYGU, A. ve Aksel D. B. (2012). Türkiye’de Düzensiz Göç. Ankara: Uluslararası Göç Örgütü Yayınları.
KAPKARA, S., ve KOÇ. S, (2016). Yükselen Ekonomiler Arasındaki Ticaret Hacminin Çekim Modeli İle Analizi. Ege Akademik Bakış, 16(3), 477-490.
KAREMERA, D., Oguledo, W. I., and Bobby, D. (2000). A Gravity Model Analysis of International Migration to North America. Applied Economics, 32(13), 1745-1755.
KIM, K., and Cohen, J. E. (2010). Determinants of International Migration Flows to and from Industrialized Countries: A Panel Data Approach Beyond Gravity. International Migration Review, 44(4), 899-932.
LEWER, J. J., & Van Den Berg, H., (2007). A Gravity Model of Immigration. Economics Letters, 99, 164-167.
NEUMAYER, E. (2005). Bogus Refugees? The Determinants of Asylum Migration to Western Europe. International Studies Quarterly, 49, 389-409.
OECD, (2018). International Migration Outlook 2018. https://doi.org/10.1787/migr_outlook-2018-en.
PERRUCHOUD, R. (2013). Göç Terimleri Sözlüğü 2. Baskı. International Organization of Migration Publications. http://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/iml31_turkish_2nd edition .pdf
PIETRZAK, M. B., Drzewoszewska, N., and Wilk, J., (2012). The Analysis of Interregioanl Migrations in Poland in the 2004-2010 Using Panel Gravity Model. Dynamic Econometric Models, 12, 111-122.
RAMOS, R. and Surinach J., (2016). A Gravity Model of Migration Between the ENC and the EU. Journal of Economic and Social Geography, 108(1), 21-35.
RAVENSTEIN, E. G., (1885). The Laws of Migration. Journal of the Statistical Society of London, 48(2), 167-235.
RAVENSTEIN, E. G., (1889). The Laws of Migration. Journal of the Royal Society, 52(2), 241-305.
ROGERS, A., (2006). Demographic Modelling of the Geography of Migration and Population. Geographical Analysis, 40(3), 276-296.
SILVA, J. S. and Teneyro S., (2006). The Log of Gravity. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 88(4), 641-658.
YILDIZ, A. G. (2016). The European Union’s Immigration Policy: Managing Migration in Turkey and Morocco. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Copyright (c) 2019 Rating Academy
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
When the article is accepted for publication in the Journal of Life Economics, authors transfer all copyright in the article to the Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti.The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.
Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and should take public responsibility for it.
This paper contains works that have not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals.