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Although the Arab-Israel problem seems to start as a result of the declaration of war by Arab states against the state of Israel founded in 1948 following the United Nations partition resolution for Palestine, its origins go back to the post World War I Middle East policies of the Britain, which committed, with the Balfour Declaration of 1917, to establish “a National Home for the Jewish People” in Palestine.
The first stage of the Palestinian problem lasted in the form of the efforts by the Jews for establishing for the National Home for the Jewish people and the struggle by Arabs to prevent this from happening until 1948, which resulted in the foundation of the state of Israel. The stage after 1948 was shaped by the wars between Israel and Arab states and futile peace initiatives.
The Arab-Israel problem brought about three major wars in 1948, 1967 and 1973, as well as the occupation of the Palestinian and Arab territories, resulted in Palestinians losing their homeland and thus becoming refugees, created polarizations, increased armament, strengthened the radicalism in the region and paved the way for the great powers to divide the region into spheres of influence.
The present study aims to find out the roots of the Arab-Israel problem and the reasons why no peaceful solution has been able to be found for the problem, and it examines the historical period from 1917 until today by taking the international and regional background into consideration as well.
Key Words: Israel, Palestine, Middle East, Balfour Declaration
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