JOURNAL OF AWARENESS <p style="text-align: justify;">Journal of Awareness&nbsp;(E-ISSN 2149-6544)&nbsp;is an&nbsp;international refereed journal&nbsp;which started to be published in 2016. &nbsp;The journal aims to include works in such scientific branches &nbsp;as&nbsp;Anthropology,&nbsp;Public Administration,&nbsp;History, Geography, &nbsp;Theology,&nbsp;Philosophy,&nbsp;Public Science (Folklore),&nbsp;Psychology,&nbsp;Sociology,&nbsp;International Relations,&nbsp;Architecture, Art History, Archeology, Literatures,&nbsp;Linguistics,&nbsp;Communication Sciences and&nbsp;Law&nbsp;under the main title of humanities. In this framework, high quality theoretical and applied articles are going to be published. The views and works of academicians, researchers and professionals working in all fileds of humanities are brought together. The articles in the journal is published&nbsp; 4 times a year;&nbsp;WINTER (January), SPRING (April), Summer (July), AUTUMN (October).&nbsp;Journal of Arts&nbsp;is a&nbsp;&nbsp;free of charge, electronic and open access&nbsp;journal.&nbsp;The&nbsp;DOI (Doi Prefix: 10.31566/joa)&nbsp;number&nbsp;is assigned to all the articles published in the Journal.</p> RATING ACADEMY Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti. en-US JOURNAL OF AWARENESS 0000-0000 <p><em>When the&nbsp; article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Awareness</em><em>, authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Rating Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> HORSE IMAGE AND REPRESENTATION IN THE ART OF RENAISSANCE <p><em>The horse is one of the most depicted images in the history of art after the human figure. Horses were first described in the Greek and Roman art with anatomical accuracy and artistic expression. The technical and formal knowledge of classical art, which was lost during the Middle Ages, reappeared with the Renaissance and the horse figures were competently re-enacted in the art. The image of horse in Renaissance art has different meanings according to its usage area and form. In the great compositions of Paolo Uccello, about the Battle of San Romano, horses representing the military power of the armies emerged as white horses in religious paintings and became the symbol of purity and goodness. With the transformation of equestrian portraits and monumental sculptures into a genre, the image of the horse represented political and military power, and added to the work of art the effect of supremacy and nobility. Leonardo da Vinci developed the figure of the horse with movement and anatomical accuracy, and the expressions of horses through mediation provided an emotional dimension. In the 16th century, Titian made the first oil painting equestrian portrait in the history of art. Late Renaissance artists have often used horse figures to create the effect of movement and dynamism on large compositions and have led to similar subjects in subsequent art movements.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Horse, Representation, Renaissance, Image, Art</em></p> Erdal KARA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 1 18 10.26809/joa.4.001 THE MYTH OF CORNUCOPIA AND CONTEMPORARY INTERPRETATIONS <p><em>Cornucopia; it is a Latin origined term, meaning horn of plenty. </em><em>Examining the history of Western art; it is depicted as a horn, or horn shaped pot filled with flowers, fruit and sometimes coins. In art, it has been used for symbolic and decorative purposes as a symbol of abundance, plenty, success and good luck. The emergence of Cornucopia, described in ancient Greek mythological stories; it is possible to be related to the symbols like “horn-fertility-moon” in the belief of the Mother Goddess in earlier times.</em></p> <p><em>Today, the concept of fertility; it is observed that it is handled with a different approach than the previous periods with the change of production forms and the effect of capitalist system. As a result of this understanding; approaches such as global consumption culture, mass production, the desire for profit that condone to disruption of nature, and the commercialization of nature have emerged.</em> <em>In some works of art, the Cornucopia symbol appears to be used in critically for this understanding.</em></p> <p><em>In this study; even today, the interpretations of Cornucopia as a symbol of abundance in artistic design and works are examined. The change of values represented by Cornucopia from past to present is discussed. In this manner, it is aimed to reveal the cultural transformation.</em> <em>It is aimed to raise awareness about Cornucopia, which is a symbol of fertility.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Art, Abundance, Nature, Mythology, Symbol, Herbal Motif</em><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;</em></p> Ezgi YEMENİCİOĞLU NEGİR ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 19 30 10.26809/joa.4.002 REPRESENTATİON OF UNREPRESENTATİVE İN MODERN ART <p><em>The desire of the world of Western thought to create a language with perfect rationality to represent the world precisely has brought the reality into a process of reproduction in a concept or artwork. But as a result of a series of changes that began in the 1900s, there were radical transformations in the perception of reality. Now what we call reality is not conceived in an immediate spontaneity. The way we perceive reality together with the impressionist picture is involved in the subject of the picture, that is, it has become inevitable to investigate the relationship between the perceived and the perceiver. It is concluded that our perception of things within this relationship with cubism does not contain certainty, and both the perceived and perceiverare suspicious. All the attempts of modern art for a more accurate perception, at the end of artistic propositions, could not escape the feeling of failure.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>At the end of this process, there is a belief that this representation is not possible. From this point on, western art has taken a new phenomenon into its agenda. If such a representation is not possible, perhaps the only thing to do is to show that we cannot represent. This was the negative pole of the representation. In this way, the abstract, symbolic forms of this negative representation will be seen.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Modernism, art, representation, symbolic, abstract</em></p> Fatih BALCI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 31 44 10.26809/joa.4.003 PSYCHOLOGY AND PHILOSOPHY OF EXISTENTIALISM IN THE EARLY NOVELS OF IRIS MURDOCH <p><em>It is generally accepted in science that existential theory, naturally, largely transformed and became the basis of Murdoch's novels of the 50s – 60s. According to a number of scientists, the writer's passion for existentialism went through several phases and was replaced by the construction of her own ethical and aesthetic system based on Platonism.</em></p> <p><em>The attitude of Iris Murdoch, philosopher and writer, to existentialism has always been dual. Already from the first works analyzing this problem, it is clear that Murdoch, enthusiastically exploring existentialism, paying due tribute to it, but at the same time criticized it.</em></p> <p><em>Murdoch's novels are not psychological in the classical sense of the concept. The writer was so immersed in the inner world of man that the reality in her novels sometimes eluded the field of view of the author, did not exist outside the consciousness of the hero, dissolved in his experiences. In such statement of a question the crisis tendency was concealed. Even at the very beginning of creativity in search of some special inner, spiritual, psychological, and therefore universal truth Murdoch was fascinated by the study of dark, destructive principles and forces in the human psyche, focused on the analysis of painful aspirations and feelings.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> existentialism, creativity, Iris Murdoch, novel.</em></p> Salima Cabrayil GASIMOVA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 45 52 10.26809/joa.4.004 CAREER DEVELOPMENT EFFECTS ON PERFORMANCE OF YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS IN KECAMATAN PINELENG <p><em>Entrepreneurs were the city who were directly involved in running their business activities. Therefore the entrepreneurs must pay attention to the full in diligently efforts that have them. To create entrepreneurs need to do that then the career development them, so they can improve their performance they are and expand their businesses. It is certainly in line with growing competition the efforts of young entreprenuers appeared not with the exception of Kecamatan Pineleng, where there are issues involving </em><em>±</em><em> 250 young entrepreneurs who dabbles in a whole variety of different business. </em></p> <p><em>But, in the time that passes and the young wirausaha-wirausaha emerging there are some phenomena arising in the entrepreneurial competitive this, where the young entrepreneurial was not aware of competition is, they are not aware that their business only diligently course, not undergo development.</em></p> <p><em>The purpose of he did this research is to analyze and assess and to develop a variable and instrument to identify the influence of career development of the performance of young entrepreneurs in Kecamatan Pineleng.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> <p><em>Included in this study were 250 respondents the young entrepreneurial in Kecamatan Pineleng using linear regression multiple analysis. These findings gathered in this research and development career have an positive and significant on performance young entrepreneurs in Kecamatan Pineleng.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Career development, performance, young entrepreneurs, Kecamatan Pineleng.</em></p> Irvan TRANG ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 53 64 10.26809/joa.4.005 THE NEW METHOD (JADIDISM) MOVEMENT IN TSARIST RUSSIA <p><em>Jadidism or New Method (in especially in the field of education) Movement was a cultural movement that spreads in Central Asia between last decade of 19 th century and the first quarter of 20 th century. That cultural movement assign itself a special mission; helping society in its struggle with illeteracy and backwardness. In order to continue this mission European modernisation practice choosen as a model. But it has also a reaction to Modernism and Western Civilizations cohersive power. Because of loosing superiority in the military, political, cultural and economic fields a huge skock shakes the Muslim state and society. In order to elaborate that unwanted situation intelectuals and the state bureaucracy focus on alternative solutions. New Method was one of that possible solution options. A prominent figure of New Method School, İsmail Gaspıralı, expresses that reform in the education system was the best option. As a result of his efforts Mew Method was born and spread to all of the Muslim regions of Central Asia. But the movements attempts failed because of the internal and external dynamics of the region. </em></p> <p><em><strong>Keywords:</strong> Jadidism, New Method, Tsarist Russia</em></p> Mehmet Erkan KILLIOĞLU ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 65 90 10.26809/joa.4.006 FROM TRANSLATION HISTORY OF A. N.NEKRASOV’S WORKS INTO THE AZERBAIJANI LANGUAGE <p><em>In the article&nbsp;&nbsp; the popularization&nbsp; and&nbsp;&nbsp; spreading&nbsp;&nbsp; of&nbsp;&nbsp; N. Nekrasov’ s&nbsp; poetry in Azerbaijan is spoken about. Besides,&nbsp; translation&nbsp; of Nekrasov’s&nbsp;&nbsp; works&nbsp;&nbsp; into Azerbaijani&nbsp; is&nbsp; studied also.&nbsp; It’s&nbsp; pointed out, that&nbsp;&nbsp; that these&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; works&nbsp;&nbsp; were&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; translated&nbsp; by most famous Azerbaijani poets and&nbsp; are&nbsp; of great interest&nbsp;&nbsp; from different -poetic,&nbsp; lexical, artistic -&nbsp; aspects.</em></p> Sevinc Abbas MUSAYEVA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 91 96 10.26809/joa.4.007 ANALYSIS of CONTEMPORANEITY AND THEORIES of AESTHETICS in TODAY’S VISUAL ARTS <p><em>The ongoing debate on what should be called art has been consistent throughout history.</em></p> <p><em>The searches for the meaning in ‘Aesthetics’ have been in need of contents which are to be constantly redefined due to the interdisciplinary transition.</em></p> <p><em>Although today&nbsp; the term&nbsp; ‘Contemporary Art’ sounds as if a description&nbsp; clearly comprehended, it has become the subject of the fervent debates about its boundaries, existential questions and even if it being definable.</em></p> <p><em>Unquestionably, the movement that determined the transition to contemporariness in Arts started with Duchamp’s hanging the ‘Urinal Stock’ upside down on the wall. The idea that the object already available can be selected and possessed by the artist, led to the multifaceted debate of the concept and content of&nbsp; the ‘aesthetics ‘ .&nbsp; Considering that fact, many disciplines including philosophy and psychology in their content are jointed to art based works. </em></p> <p><em>Recently, many artists declare that their main issues are not the final art works but in fact the artistic processes. Some of the works that have been produced under the term Contemporary Art, although tend to reflect the current cultural and political atmosphere, includes suspicion and irony in terms of its aesthetically studied content.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Keywords:</strong> Contemporary, Aesthetics, Feminism, Political art, Postmodernism</em></p> Serpil KAPAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 97 110 10.26809/joa.4.008 A DISCUSSION OF THE HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARRIVED SHIP DOCTRINE <p><em>There are three requirements for laytime to commence in common law. &nbsp;Firstly, the vessel must arrived at the agreed destination. Secondly, the vessel must be ready to load or discharge the cargo. Lastly, notice of readiness must be given to charterers or their agents. Under English Law, especially as a doctrine “arrived ship” is considered when only first requirement is satisfied. At loading and unloading, there is limited time interval called laytime in common law which is either fixed or customary. So charterer must complete its loading or unloading in these time limits. If &nbsp;there is a limited time it is important to determine the commencing point. In common law it is determined by “arrived ship doctrine”. This work will examine “the history and development of the arrived ship doctrine”. It is going to be focused on the cases in English Courts.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Arrived Ship, Laytime, Notice of Readiness.</em></p> Sinan MİSİLİ ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 111 122 10.26809/joa.4.009 ISLAMIC MANUSCRIPTS IN GREEK LIBRARIES <p><em>The territory of Greece, which had been under Ottoman rule for centuries, constitutes an important part of the Ottoman history archive as a result of the administrative, historical and cultural relations covering a long period. The Greek historical Ottoman archive, which could be considered as the most important source of Ottoman history research, especially Ottoman-Greek relations, was unfortunately negatively affected by the disturbances and extraordinary events of the 19<sup>th</sup> century and some of the important ones were damaged. However, a significant portion of this valuable archive is still preserved in some archives of the country. We searched the Islamic manuscripts in Greece, which are the subject of our research, in these archives and some other libraries, and we reviewed the almost all works made in this field so far and tried to determine these manuscripts. The lack of Islamic manuscripts we have identified in the libraries of Greece is striking. As mentioned, the chain of events in a period of more than a century, from the beginning of the 19<sup>th</sup> century, is capable of clarifying this issue.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Keywords:</strong> Greece, Ottoman, Library, Islamic Manuscripts</em></p> Şadi AYDIN Serdar DORUK ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 123 138 10.26809/joa.4.010 ARTISTIC APPROACHES WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF IMAGE PRODUCTION IN THE CITY <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Cities are defined as the place where they live on a certain community, but also reflect the perceptual accumulation of a settled culture consisted as a result of the historical process of societies and however social reality. In the formation of urban images, many factors such as historical process, geographical structure, socio-economic and cultural development exist together. All the material and spiritual values that existed from the past to the present form the basis of the image and gain a spatial dimension together with the existence of the body. As for identity, it experiences the experience of a new situation in each of describing itself in circulation at these spaces.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Through the influence of the geography lived in it, the ways which individuals perceive the outside world, the cultural values they produce are the determining factors on all kinds of social actions. Until today, the concept of image which goes on through more personal objects proceeds as artistic approaches and attitudes in the context of image production in the city. In the cities, wall paintings, ceramic works and similar artistic approaches in public spaces present the interaction of the city with its geography and all the values it contains.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Within the context of the study, the perception of the urban image and the artistic works that emerged as a result of this situation were examined. In today's world where artists are looking for different places and exhibition styles, art works gain a whole new dimension. Consequently, in the new world, which is in a continuous movement, the urban images are transformed into artistic expression forms in the public space by taking artists under their influence. It is thought that the related expression form is approximated one step closer to the audience in the public sphere and contributes to the perception of society.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong>Keywords:</strong> City, Image, Identity, Plastic Arts, Ceramics</em></p> Yasemin TANRIVERDİ ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 139 146 10.26809/joa.4.011 THE ARCHETYPE OF GOD IN THE H. JAVID’S POETRY WORLD <p><em>The article examines the archetype of God of the prominent representative of Azerbaijani poetry H.Javid. The focusing on the central idea and the intersection point of religious biographical acheological aspects in the writer's creativity is the main point of view.Using archetypes helps to determine the possibility of reconstruction of of the deep hidden essence of the texts. The archetype of God is involved in the "appearance" of the structural components of many works, in composition, plot, chronotype, and images system, in the artistic embodiment of the great thinker as a mighty superpower.The role as a follower of mythopoetic tradition in the 20th century Azerbaijan poetry is determined by the archetype presented by the author.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> The archetype of God, supernatural idea, central idea, ontological aspect, moral-biographical aspect, axiological aspect, mythopoietics</em></p> Xanim RZA SULTANOVA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 147 152 10.26809/joa.4.012 THE PERCEPTION OF AUTONOMY IN CHILDREN AND TEACHERS' VİEWS ON THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE AUTONOMY AND STRATEGIES FOR DEVELOPMENT <p><em>The aim of this study was to determine the autonomy perception of the six-year-old children who attended pre-school education and teachers’ views on the factors affecting autonomy in children and strategies to develop autonomy. The research is a descriptive study in the screening model. Working group of the research, 2016 2017 academic year spring semester in southern Turkey with selected randomly from 110 preschool children and their teacher was composed of. Research data were collected by semi-structured open-ended interview questions prepared by the researchers. Categorical theme analysis technique was used for data analysis. As a result of the study, it was seen that the views of children about the concept of autonomy were grouped under three main categories as behavioral, social-emotional and value autonomy. Teachers' views on the factors affecting the autonomy of children constitute three themes: adult attitudes and behaviors, social environment and physical conditions; The strategies to develop autonomy in children are grouped under five themes: strategies related to social environment, strategies related to physical environment, setting rules, giving responsibility and offering options/to include to decision.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Preschool, autonomy, preschool teacher</em></p> Sevinç ÖLÇER Gözde YILMAZ ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 4 1 153 176 10.26809/joa.4.013