JOURNAL OF AWARENESS http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa <p style="text-align: justify;">Journal of Awareness (E-ISSN 2149-6544 &amp; D<em>oi Prefix: 10.26809/joa</em>) is an international refereed journal which started to be published in 2016. <em>The journal aims to include original papers in the main titles of humanities. In this framework, high quality theoretical and applied articles are going to be published.</em> The views and works of academicians, researchers and professionals working in all fileds of humanities are brought together. The articles in the journal is published 4 times a year; WINTER (January), SPRING (April), Summer (July), AUTUMN (October). Journal of Awareness is a free of charge, electronic and open access journal. The DOI number is assigned to all the articles published in the Journal.</p> en-US <p><em>When the&nbsp; article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Awareness</em><em>, authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Rating Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> joa@ratingacademy.com.tr (Prof. Dr. Turgay BERKSOY) ratingacademy@ratingacademy.com (Ali ÖZTEKİN) Mon, 11 May 2020 11:17:28 +0300 OJS 3.2.0.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 THE PHENOMENON OF CALENDAR LYRICAL POETRY AND ITS GENESIS http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1061 <p><em>In accordance with the title itself, this paper deals with a study that aims not only to appreciate the Albanian folk cultural heritage included in the ritual calendar songs but also to evaluate and synthesize the scientific and evaluative thinking of the studies on the subject. Folk poetry, that is, lyrical calendar poetry, is a mouth-to-mouth creation from generation to generation. We can rightly say that these creations overcame the tragic ruins of centuries, always renewing, enriching, many of them, fading, nevertheless constantly in harmony with the development of the people’s life and social circumstances.</em></p> <p><em>Ancient as the people themselves, Albanian oral creativity in general, ritual lyrical songs in particular, and especially lyrical songs of calendar rites, are still fresh, wherever used, exclusively in rural settings, where part of human life consists of livestock and agriculture. Regardless of their intense developments, this creativity is constantly transformed.</em></p> Atdhe HYKOLLI, Seniha KRASNIQI Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1061 Thu, 30 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0300 SLOW CITY CONCEPT: A MODEL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND HIGH-QUALITY LIFE IN THE GLOBALIZING WORLD: IN CASE OF GÖKÇEADA http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/975 <p><em>In the world, with the negative effects of globalization; various problems have arisen in cities and rural areas. The slow city movement was born in 1999 in response to globalization and capitalism. It aims to ensure the healthy development of cities without losing their locality and originality and to build a more livable life. Gökçeada is the first and only island in the cittaslow international network. In this study; the effect of this status on the natural and cultural landscape features of Gökçeada was tried to be determined. For this purpose, works conducted within the framework of 72 sub-criteria since the island was achieved the slow city status were evaluated with a scoring system. Thus, a scale was developed to determine the extent to which 7 main criteria of slow city movement were applied in Gökçeada. “Energy and Environmental Policies”; high value, "Infrastructure Policies”, "Quality of Urban Life Policies", “Agricultural, Touristic and Artisan Policies”, "Social Cohesion” and “Partnerships"; middle value and “Policies for hospitality, awareness, and training" received low value. In addition, recommendations were made for the sustainability of the local values of Gökçeada.</em></p> Çiğdem KAPTAN AYHAN, Erman ÖZDEMİR Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/975 Thu, 30 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0300 JUDICIAL SUPERVISION OF SPATIAL PLANS AND THE CHALLENGES; BEYOGLU (ISTANBUL) CASE http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/973 <p><em>In the Istanbul metropolitan city, there are deficiencies in the providing of urban services depending on the immigration population received with the effect of globalization. In our country, the efforts to put the urbanization process under a plan discipline were found to be equivalent in the legislation within the framework of the Zoning Law no.6785, an important factor directing the interaction between the zoning legislation and the production process of the space was the administrative judicial decisions. The conflicts created by the irregular and uncontrolled urbanization process in the space have been tried to be solved by administrative judicial decisions. In this paper, the difficulties encountered in the judicial supervision of spatial plans will be discussed through examples. A comparative examination and evaluation of the zoning plans for the protection of Beyoğlu, Perşembe Pazarı and Okmeydani, which are the subject of the judicial review in the Beyoğlu District of İstanbul in the last period, will be made on the basis of planning principles, urbanism principles and plan construction methods and techniques. The impact of judicial supervision on the spatial plan process provides important awareness for planners as well as for decision makers.</em></p> Adem Erdem ERBAŞ Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/973 Thu, 30 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0300 REPRESENTATION OF ARCHEOLOGY IN THE UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE LIST: CASE OF TURKEY http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1053 <p><em>The main purpose of the UNESCO World Heritage List is to preserve the cultural and natural heritage considered to be of ‘outstanding universal value’ throughout the world and to transfer it to future generations. However, the current list includes thematic, geographical and chronologically unequal distribution. Since 1994“Global Strategy for a Representative, Balanced and Credible World Heritage List)”, adopted by the World Heritage Committee, has guided the states parties to improve the list in the balance of representation. </em></p> <p><em>In this article, in order to contribute the strategies of UNESCO, Turkey's Archaeological heritage represented in World Heritage List and Tentative List were evaluated. After providing brief information about the World Heritage List, the representation rates of heritage in the both list were examined considering sub-disciplines of archaeology and various suggestions were discussed in order to achieve a more balanced distribution.</em></p> Şehnaz ERASLAN Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1053 Thu, 30 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0300 A CRITICAL VIEW OF LIBERALISM IN TERMS OF CULTURAL AWARENESS http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/995 <p><em>In this study, the question of what are the contributions of contemporary liberalism in terms of cultural awareness is investigated. The subject of the study is examined through John Rawls’s theory of distributive justice and Will Kymlicka’s theory of multiculturalism, who are the important names of contemporary liberalism. In the study, concept analysis method, one of the qualitative research methods, is used. In the article, it was concluded that Rawls created awareness in terms of disadvantaged individuals and Kymlicka created awareness in terms of the rights of minority groups. </em></p> Aybike CAN Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/995 Thu, 30 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0300 ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF THE CITY OF PRIZREN XIII – XV CENTURY http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1059 <p><em>Prizren during the c. XIII-XV was a developed economic center. This development was made possible thanks to several factors: Prizren was an important center of medieval roads for the region; In Prizren, the Ragusan consulate (1332) was opened as a requirement for the development of more successful business activities. Thus Prizren in the 13th-15th century was a city of traders and trade exchanges. Traders in defense of their own interests created their own associations, such as shoemakers in Prizren. Commercial products came from the most developed countries, such as Venice, Naples, Ragusa, Constantinople etc. Traders operating in Prizren, besides importing economic products, they also exported numerous products such as cereals, barley, fern, silk, honey, etc; As well as mining products such as: lead, zinc, and gold-plated silver, known as silver (galam). The sources speak for a large number of traders, as well as for large monetary circulation through the form of lending and debiting. Among many foreign merchants, there were also distinguished prizrenas merchants, who either come as debtors or creditors, where Bogdan Chirisma. </em></p> <p><em>In the 13th-15th centuries, besides trade developments, in Prizren and the surrounding area, agricultural and livestock activities have also been successfully developed. This development is evidenced by numerous sources such as: The Monastery of St Archangel 1348, which included 93 villages; Deçan Monastery Charter 1335. From the development of agriculture, the sources speak of successful aspects of viticulture, grain, barley, flax. The sources also speak for beekeeping, silkworm, etc.</em></p> Bedri MUHADRI Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1059 Mon, 04 May 2020 00:00:00 +0300 EXAMINING THE IMPACT OF INDUSTRY 4.0 ON EDUCATION http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1085 <p><em>Industry 4.0 is the concept that has been on the agenda for nearly a decade; but other than those closely involved in the issue, it is a little-known concept yet. Industry 4.0, which expresses the Fourth Industrial Revolution, promises to make production with smart factories and digital Technologies with almost no need for labor. Nowadays, when the technology develops quite fast, people's daily life styles change. In occupational groups where technology use is intense, there are differentiations in the way people express their feelings not only in business or academic life but also in private life. </em></p> <p><em>In order to capture Industry 4.0, it is necessary to design, develop and produce technology in every field. However, in addition to production, it is important to train qualified labor force who can use this new technology. Taking into account that daily ordinary work will be undertaken by artificial intelligence initially, it is better to understand that education is not limited to school for individuals who want to continue to play a role in economic life, and the importance of continuing to learn in different fields for individuals who continue to study. Exactly at this point, the education sector appears as an area that needs to be studied in detail under Industry 4.0. Within the scope of Industry 4.0, which is also very important besides the knowledge, an education policy which gives importance to creative thought and which is based on lifelong learning should be designed. In this study, it is aimed to discuss the effects and consequences of Industry 4.0 in the education sector. Fictional analysis and case study were used as the method of study.</em></p> Zeynep AYER, Hanife AKGÜL Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1085 Tue, 05 May 2020 00:00:00 +0300 CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY AWARENESS AND AHI ORGANIZATION http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1005 <p><em>The concept of social responsibility is rooted in the Western tradition and became part of our agenda. Especially the 1960s and the following period were the years when the voices of the civilian movements were heard in higher tones. The pressure that was put by civil society on governments and business was resulted increased social responsibility awareness among all actors. Corporate responsibility, including social responsibility, is about integrating ethical, social, and environmental concerns to business operations.</em></p> <p><em>Ahilik emerged from Anatolia with social/military/economic functions. Even though it lost its military functions as the Ottoman Empire arose, Ahilik assumed responsibility for the continuity of social unity for centuries, implemented a foundation for business ethics, and played role in meeting the needs of society. In this study, the advantages of revising Ahilik as part of our historical culture and heritage is discussed for raising awareness of corporate responsibility.</em></p> Öykü GÜL Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1005 Mon, 04 May 2020 00:00:00 +0300 THE REFLECTION OF THE IDEOLOGICAL BLINDNESS IN THE POLITICAL PARTY MEMBERS http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1057 <p><em>The political subject and also the social identity of human kind can not recognise the world as all in purity. They tend to look at social phenomena within the framework of structured presuppositions, both as a product of the social environment and to the extent of their ability and capacity. In other words, most people, perceive reality distorted behind a fog screen. Based on this assumption, the problematic of the subjective reality of the subjects of politics is perceived as objective reality. In this study, it is asserted that how different political ideologies are found in political subjects (four political parties) and that ideological blindness fulfills a rational function. </em></p> <p><em>The study found June 7, 2015 in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey group ( T.B.M.M) in the general elections were held with members of four political subjects (CHP,MHP, AK PARTI, HDP) . Content analysis was carried out by using MAXQDA Qualitative Analysis program which is in effect the party programs of these four subjects. In addition, interviews conducted with 48 people in two separate questionnaires, data were analysed with content analysis of using the same program.</em></p> Yusuf ACAR, Assiye AKA Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1057 Thu, 30 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0300 SOCIAL AND SPATIAL REFLECTION OF THE NEED FOR URBAN SECURITY: GATED COMMUNITIES http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/990 <p><em>Cities are spaces in which security and shelter needs are provided for societies. However cities have grown dramatically, become more crowded and more dense recently. This pace of urbanization has led to social phenomena such as insecurity, danger, anxiety of life quality and status anxiety becoming a problem in all the main cities. Fear of crimes caused by dense urban spaces, owercrowding and urban poverty has led to the need for spatial protection through situations such as spatial differentation and status discrimination. The new middle class of the modern world fears poverty and crime. This fear has formed gated communities in cities. The biggest factor that brings out gated communities is the need for security. The reasons such as increasing the quality of life, the desire to live together with homogeneous groups and showing the income level in the space with. The consumption elements are also considered among the needs to create a gated community. Another main reason for the formation of isolated communities, which are created by the need for urban security, is the desire to live away from urban crime. </em></p> <p><em>The aim of this study is to handle the gated communities that emerged from the process of social and spatial dimensions. The subject of the study is to demonstrate that gated communities which create spatial inequality with the need for urban security, simply cover up rather than eliminate crime in cities, and that this create social inequality and injustice in cities. This study emphasizes that spatial segregation must be controlled by urban policies in order for urban security to be experienced equally in the entire city. </em></p> Demet ONUR Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/990 Thu, 30 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0300 POLITICAL COMMUNICATION ON SOCIAL MEDIA: EXAMPLE OF POLITICAL LEADERS ' TWITTER USE IN LOCAL ELECTIONS MARCH 31, 2019 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1060 <p><em>With the worldwide development of internet technology, Twitter, one of the social media environments, is increasingly reaching a large number of users. Web 2.0 technologies, which leave Web 1.0 technology behind, now lead to a decrease in the motivation of individuals to benefit from traditional media and thus to move towards new media areas. Realizing that the Internet is becoming widespread and gaining popularity worldwide, politicians and supporters have started to produce different strategies to influence the masses by turning to new media areas. In March March 31, 2019 local election campaigns in Turkey, the study is aimed to evaluate the findings by examining the period between March 1-31 in the context of tweets sent from the Twitter accounts of the political leaders identified in the study. The study aims to examine the tweets posted by political party leaders between 1-31 March 2019 through thematic analysis to reveal what strategies political propaganda activities they carry out on social media involve. In this context, the study analyzes the tweet content of political leaders by dividing them into specific categories.</em></p> Gökhan GÖKULU, Deniz KILIÇ Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 http://ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/joa/article/view/1060 Thu, 07 May 2020 00:00:00 +0300