USE OF AGRICULTURAL WASTE ASHES AS ADDITIVES MATERIAL IN BIOACTIVE GLASS PRODUCTION
Demand for renewable energy sources is increasing day by day. The rapidly increasing population and energy needs on a global scale have increased the number of studies on renewable energy sources. In addition to energy needs, the search for disposal and storage of wastes harmful to the natural environment is of great importance. Disposal and storage requires high costs and labor. The need for energy and the necessity of protecting the natural environment provided the solution to convert wastes into energy or value added products without damaging the environment. The wastes of the crops produced as a result of agricultural production can be converted into energy or value added products. Some of the plant wastes meet the energy needs and some of them can be used in the production of value-added biomaterials. Biomaterials are materials which are used in the field of health and show bioactivity with parts such as organs and tissues. Bioactive glasses, which are one of these materials, are used in the health sector especially in dental filling, prosthesis and composite applications. The most important feature of raw materials to be used in the production of bioactive glasses is SiO2 (silica). Plants receive silica from soil during development and this silica is also present in plant waste. In this study, a wide literature review was conducted and the percentage of mass ash after burning of rice stalks, corn stalks, hazelnut shells, corn stalks which were firstly burned for heating and energy purposes were determined. Then, the composition of the ash obtained SiO2 (silica) and other substances were determined and all the results obtained in the light of this information was compiled to provide information about the possibilities of use in bioactive glass production.
BAŞÇETİNÇELİK, A., ÖZTÜRK, H.H., KARACA, C., KACIRA, M., EKİNCİ, K., KAYA, D., BABAN, A., 2004, First Progress Report of Exploitation of AgriculturalResidues in Turkey. LIFE 03 TCY/ TR /000061.
DEMİRBAŞ, A. 2008. Importance Of Biomass Energy Sources For Turkey. Energy Policy, 834-842.
ER, M. A., Mayıs 2005. SiO2-CaO-Na2O-P2O5 Biyoaktif Camlarının Kontrollü Kristalizasyonu, Lisans Tezi, T.Ü. Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
ER, A., ÖZDEMİR, S. 2018. Tavuk gübresi ve tarımsal atıkların biyoyakıt karakterlerinin incelenmesi, Sakarya Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 22(2), 489-494, 2018.
HENCH L.L. and ETHRIDGE E.C., 1982. Biomaterials – An Interfacial Approach. New York: Academic Press, http://www22.aname.net/~tandlak1/files/science/Greenspan_8_1999. pdf (2008).
HENCH, L.L., 1998. Bioceramics, J. Am. Cer. Soc., 81, 1705-1728 (Edinildigi Kaynak: Dubok, V.A., 2000, Bioceramics-Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow, Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics, 39; 381-394.).
HULBERT, S.F., BOKROS, J.C., HENCH, L.L., WILSON, J. and HEIMKE, G., 1987. Ceramics in Clinical Applications – Past, Present and Future, Ceramics in Clinical Applications, Vincenzini, P., Elsevier, New York, 3-27 (Edinildigi Kaynak: Er, M.A., Mayıs 2005, SiO2 CaONa2O- P2O5 Biyoaktif Camlarının Kontrollü Kristalizasyonu, Lisans Tezi, T.Ü.).
KONUKOĞLU, Z.A., 2013. Pirinç Kabuğu Kökenli Bazlı Silika İçerikli MgO, SrO ve Al203 İlaveli 45S5 Biyoaktif Cam Üretimi Karakterizasyonu, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul
KÜKÜRTÇÜ, 2008. Biyoaktif Cam ve Cam- Seramik Malzemelerin Üretimi ve Yapay Vücut Sıvısı İçerisindeki Davranımlarının İncelenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi. İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
MO, K. H., ALENGARAM, U. J., JUMAAT, M. Z., YAP, S. P., LEE, S. C., (2016). Green concrete partially comprised of farming waste residues: a review, Journal of Cleaner Production ,117, 122-138.
PALABIYIK, H., ALTUNBAŞ, D., (2004). "Kentsel Katı Atıklar ve Yönetimi", Çevre Sorunlarına Çağdaş Yaklaşımlar: Ekolojik, Ekonomik, Politikve Yönetsel Perspektifler, 103-124. Beta, İstanbul.
SARAÇOĞLU, N., (2010). “Küresel İklim Değişimi, Biyoenerji ve Enerji Ormancılığı”. Ankara: Efil Yayınevi.
TÜGİAD, 2004 Türkiye’nin Enerji Sorunları ve Çözüm Önerileri, Ajans-Türk Basın ve Basım A.Ş, Batıkent, Ankara.
Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
When the article is accepted for publication in the Journal of Scientific Perspectives authors transfer all copyright in the article to the Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti.The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.
Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and should take public responsibility for it.
This paper contains works that have not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals.