JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVES <p><em>Journal of Scientific Perspectives (<strong>E-ISSN: 2587-3008 &amp; DOI Prefix:&nbsp;10.26900</strong>)&nbsp;is a&nbsp;<strong>scholarly</strong>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<strong>international peer-reviewed journal</strong>. It is an&nbsp;open-access electronic journal&nbsp;which is published quarterly in<strong>&nbsp;January, April, July</strong>, and&nbsp;<strong>October.</strong>&nbsp;It is aimed at promoting research worldwide&nbsp;and publishes basic and advanced research work from the fields of&nbsp;<strong>basic science and engineering, natural sciences</strong>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<strong>health sciences</strong>. Thus, it provides a forum for researchers for scholarly exchange of ideas, knowledge, and experiences on current issues. The original research papers, technical notes, letter to the editor, debates, case presentations, and reviews, only in&nbsp;English,&nbsp;are published in the journal. All articles published in the journal, are assigned the&nbsp;DOI number. Article submission and follow-up process are carried out by the manuscript submission system.</em></p> en-US <p><em>When the&nbsp; article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Scientific Perspectives</em><em>&nbsp;authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Rating Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> (Ozlem YAYINTAS) (CUMALİ YAŞAR) Mon, 19 Nov 2018 12:23:32 +0300 OJS 60 CYBERSECURITY IMPLEMENTATION ASPECTS AT SHIPPING 4.0 AND INDUSTRY 4.0 CONCEPTS REALIZATION <p>Last few years took place true jump in approaches to developing, control and exploitation of different complex technical systems. In industry, transport, energetic and so on data exchange technologies, based on Industry 4.0, IoT, IIoT, Shipping 4.0, etc. concepts are implementing very actively. In maritime branch information technologies became inextricably linked to the classical approaches and allow to perform intelligent remote control and create fully unmanned objects and complex technical systems.</p> <p>So, some companies have founded Unmanned Cargo Ship Development Alliance; newly developed Distributed Intelligent Vessel Components software, which provides new protocol for devices connecting and data transferring; recently created Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Applications Initiative autonomous ship research project and Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships direction.</p> <p>It's possible to highlight following ship automation levels.</p> <p>1. Ship can be controlled remotely.</p> <p>2. Ship may work in unmanned mode partly or periodically.</p> <p>3. Ship may perform self-driving with operator help, if necessary.</p> <p>4. Additionally to the level 3, self-driving possible without operator's intrusion.</p> <p>5. Fully unmanned ship with the same functionality and possibilities as classic ship.</p> <p>But complexity and vulnerability for external intrusion of such ships is also growing enormously. So, in 2017 and 2018 years at least two large shipping companies were attacked by hackers and had to stop significant part of business activity and lost huge amounts. That's why the task of cybersecurity providing, including highly productive firewalls implementing, is very actual.</p> <p>Ways of modern concepts and technologies implementing in maritime branch are briefly analyzed. Possible levels of ships' autonomy and automation with most modern technical decisions are shown. Existing problems and vulnerabilities of highly automated ships are described. Approach on vulnerabilities influence minimizing with firewalls using is proposed.</p> Vladlen SHAPO ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 14 Nov 2018 00:59:01 +0300 WIRELESS SYSTEM FOR TEMPERATURE MONITORING IN A VOLCANIC AREA BY USING ZIGBEE TECHNOLOGY: INITIAL CONCEPTS AND PROJECT <p><em>Volcanic areas in Ecuador are certainly a topic that concerns the population. National and international institutes have carried out constant monitoring to be aware of the volcanic activity. Thus, stationary monitoring equipment was installed along the volcanic belt. However, this control stations cannot really cover the whole surface. The following study describes the design of wireless mobile equipment which constantly measures the temperature. The temperature is sent to the control station using ZigBee technology and reliable sensors. The half-duplex communication allows the user to manipulate the mobile system and observe the measured temperature in the same controller</em></p> Lourdes Cecilia Ruiz, Ramiro Vargas, Maria Cristina Navas, Mustahsan Shuaib ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 14 Nov 2018 00:59:26 +0300 ALGAE AND DIETARY DIETS <p>Algae involve several species of multicellular and macroscopic marine algae found in the coastal region between high to low tide in the sub-tidal region up to a depth where 0.01 % photosynthetic light is available. Based on their pigmentation, seaweeds were classified in to Chlorophyta (green algae), Phaeophyta (Brown algae) and Rhodophyta (Red algae). Algae are not classified as true plants. They lack an organized vascular system for absorbing nutrients. The root called the holdfast, the stem is the stripe and the leaf of the seaweed is the blade or frond. Like flowering plants, they are able to use chlorophyll to conduct the process of photosynthesis and create their own food for growth.</p> <p>In marine ecosystems, macroalgae communities provide nutrition, reproduction, and an accommodating environment for other living organisms. Algae play a vital role in various aspects compared to other aquatic resources. Because of these properties, macroalgae are some of the most important organisms maintaining the ecosystem’s stability. They are also excellent source of bioactive compounds such as carotenoids, dietary fibers, proteins, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and important sources of medicines and fertilizers.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Latife Ceyda İRKİN, Özlem TONGUÇ YAYINTAŞ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 14 Nov 2018 00:58:23 +0300